This gallery shows live weaving demonstrations by weavers who come to the Foundation to learn, demonstrate, and to weave their own pieces.

Basic Process In Ikat ( Tie & Dye ) Technique :

  • Ngirit (Warping) : This process is done on the back-strap loom, performed by at least two persons.
  • Ngarap: Selecting of alternate warps using nylon threads which are held together by a heddle rod.
  • Negi : Weaving a small portion of the pua’ at both ends to hold the piece together
  • Muai : To sort out the warp threads to enable the folding process.
  • Nipan (folding): And mounting the folded yarn onto the tying frame.
  • Nanchang/Ngebat (tying): To create the design
  • Dyeing (Natural dyes used : morinda): Dyeing with natural dyes Engkudu roots (Morinda citrifolia. To produce a deep red colour). Engkerebai leaves (Psychotria spp. To produce red colour). Sebangki (Neesia spp. The bark of the sebangki tree produces red colour) Renggat / Tarum (Marsdenia tinctoria. Two types - tarum padi and tarum akar. To produce the indigo colour)
  • Mampul: to cover, by tying the parts that are to maintain the first colour
  • Ngerenggat or narum: dyeing with indigo, to colour the parts that were not tied)
  • Muka’ tanchang (untying) and Ngerembai (to unfold) the pua’ piece
  • Weaving (nenun): The lower and upper warp using the back-strap loom.
  • Cutting the division between the upper and lower pieces. Joining the two pieces by hand stitching, to form one piece of pua’.

The Museum and Gallery have a total collection of more than five hundred pieces of pua and other woven textiles. They formed the major part of the exhibits on display at the gallery. Costumes and accessories formed a smaller part of the collection.
The textiles collection is mostly ikat pieces, some sungkit and a few anyam. The ikat pieces are made from three major types of yarn material: taya’, ubung paut, and silk. The sungkit pieces in the collection are mostly heirloom pieces and are made from taya’, and woven using the old sungkit technique. Most of the ikat and sungkit pieces have been dyed in engkudu (morinda), and a few in other natural dye like engkerebai and sebangki. Most of the pua’ are rather old and their age are determined by the number of generations they have been in the family. Most heirloom pieces are between a hundred, and a hundred and fifty years old.
On display are beads such as chevron, eye, melon, rosette, cane, mosaic or millefiori, feather, pyjama, carnelian, king, aventurine banded lamp, doughnut, seed, disc, jatim, and shell. These beads are displayed according to how they are worn or used such as necklaces, belts, and costume. Some are displayed as strings based on types or names, and some special or rare beads are displayed individually and some as loose groups of beads. Also on display are the Iban traditional costume Baju Marik, Dujung Marik and decorated textiles (skirts, jackets, and female tops) with cowrie shells and other beads.